Audi. Saturday , November 04th , 2017 - 12:32:13 PM
Both turbochargers of the 2.9 TFSI unit are centrally positioned inside the V of the engine and each of them supplies a single cylinder bank. The B-cycle combustion process with central direct injection represents a new level of efficiency within the RS family. In the NEDC, the V6 bi-turbo consumes just 8.7 liters of fuel per 100 kilometers (27.0 US mpg), which corresponds to 197 grams of CO2 per kilometer (317.0 g/mi). This is an efficiency gain of 17 percent over the previous model. Also beneficial for the new Audi RS5 Coupe is a drastic reduction in weight. The vehicle weighs in at 1,655 kilograms (3,648.7 lb) - 60 kilograms (132.3 lb) less than previously. A carbon roof with visible fiber structure is also available as an option.
In the classic Miller cycle, the reduced cylinder charge is detrimental to torque and power output. These aspects have been neutralized by Audi thanks to the implementation of turbocharging and the two-stage Audi valvelift system (AVS). The four camshafts of the 2.9 TFSI can each be adjusted by 50 degrees crank angle. At higher load and engine speed ranges, AVS closes the inlet valve later. The opening time increases from 130 to 200 degrees crankshaft angle, while at the same time the valve lift increases from 6.0 to 10.0 millimeters (0.2 to 0.4 in). Cylinder charging also increases considerably - the 2.9 TFSI revs up powerfully and delivers an impressive output.
An important component of the B-cycle combustion process is the central position of the injectors in the combustion chamber. In the area around the inlet valve, this makes possible a geometry which, in interaction with the inlet ports, allows for targeted mixing up of the gas charge. The common-rail system injects the fuel into the combustion chamber with 250 bar of pressure - the high injection pressure ensures a homogeneous spray pattern and consequently a uniform propagation of the flame front.
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